New Wheat Variety HD-3226
Even though a lot of wheat varieties are existing currently, climate change forces agriculture scientists to adapt accordingly. Researchers try to develop seed varieties with better yield, sustainability, low yielding period, high nutritional value and so on. Following the issue of license by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) to obtain a high nutritious wheat variety led to development of the new wheat variety HD-3226. Foundation seeds were provided to seed companies for Rabi crop cultivation 2020.
Significant Improvements Observed in HD-3226
The genetic yield capability of the seed is 79.60 quintals per hectare under optimal conditions however, experts expect an average yield of 57.5 quintals per hectare. Further, Dr Rajbir Yadav suggested this type of wheat is resistant to yellow, brown and black rust as well as fungal diseases. Most importantly, the protein and gluten content of this is significantly higher than the rest of the varieties currently available. Estimated protein content stands at 12.8%, while gluten ranges around 30.85% and zinc at 36.8%.
Optimal Parameters for the Cultivation of Wheat Variety HD-3226
Dr Yadav highlighted that the crop would be ready to harvest in 142 days on proper sowing under optimal conditions. Initially, he advised the farmers to plant the crop late in October and November. Also emphasized the variety is most suitable for growth in Punjab, Haryana, western Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Terai (Uttarakhand), Himachal Pradesh, Jammu, and Kashmir. Further, suggested the farmers to cultivate the crop in zero tillage method.
The recommended fertilizer dose for HD-3226 includes nitrogen at 150 (Urea @255 kg per hectare), Phosphorus at 80 (DAP @ 175 kg per hectare) and potash at 60 (MOP @ 100 kg per hectare). Further advised to apply 1/3 nitrogen and a full dose of the rest during the sowing period. This followed by remaining nitrogen at the time of irrigation. It is optimal to carry out irrigation after 21 days.
This enriched variety aims to benefit the livelihood of the farmers and increase their income. Additionally, a better variety promises better export thereby proving advantageous to the Indian economy.